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Important Health Alert: Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Detected in Texas

Recently, the first human case of novel avian influenza A(H5N1) has been reported in Texas. This case is believed to be linked to contact with dairy cows presumed to be infected with avian influenza.


Here's what you need to know:


In March 2024, samples from various animals in Texas and Kansas were tested for influenza due to signs of illness. Some of these animals tested positive for avian influenza A(H5N1), including dairy cows. This is the first time avian influenza A(H5N1) has been detected in cattle in the United States. DSHS, alongside other health agencies, is actively investigating this situation.


Signs and symptoms of avian influenza A(H5N1) infection may include:


  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Sore throat

  • Runny nose

  • Headaches

  • Fatigue

  • Eye redness (conjunctivitis)

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Diarrhea

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Seizures (in severe cases)


It's important to note that conjunctivitis (red eyes) is a primary symptom observed in this case.


While avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses have rarely been transmitted from person to person, those with close contact with affected animals have a higher risk of infection. The general public's risk is believed to be low; however, vigilance is key, especially for individuals with relevant exposure history.


If you experience symptoms or have had exposure to affected animals, seek medical attention promptly. Additionally, maintain good personal hygiene practices, including frequent handwashing, to reduce the risk of infection.


As we navigate through this situation, staying informed is crucial. We encourage you to keep an eye on updates from reliable health sources and follow any recommendations provided by health authorities.


For more information and additional resources, follow these links:





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